TYPES OF SLEEP DISORDERS
There are several types of sleep disorders, including:
- Insomnia – The inability to fall asleep or to remain asleep. This sleep disorder can be caused by stress and anxiety, hormones, digestive problems or jetlag. It may have an adverse effect on your quality of life, as it causes depression, difficulty concentrating, irritability, weight gain, and impaired performance at work or in school.
- Sleep Apnoea – This is a serious medical condition that is characterised by pauses in breath during sleep.
- Parasomnias – This causes abnormal movements and behaviours during sleep, such as sleepwalking, sleep talking, groaning, nightmares and bedwetting.
- Restless Leg Syndrome – This is an overwhelming need to continuously move the legs at night.
- Narcolepsy – This is characterised by “sleep attacks” that occur during the day.
- Circadian rhythm disorders such as jet lag, phase delay and phase advance syndrome.
Sleep Disorders Symptoms
A sleep disorder is a common condition that affects the ability to sleep well on a regular basis. Most people experience sleeping problems due to stress, hectic schedules and outside influences. However, when these problems present itself more frequently and interfere with daily life, they may indicate a sleeping disorder.
Symptoms of sleep disorders can differ depending on the severity and the type of disorder. They may also differ when sleep disorders are caused by other conditions, such as medication or stress.
However, the general symptoms of sleep disorders include:
- Excessive Daytime Sleepiness
- Mood alteration such as weepiness, irritability, anger outbursts, anxiety or depression
- Difficulty falling or staying asleep
- Daytime fatigue
- A strong urge to take naps during the day
- Irritability or anxiety
- Lack of concentration